DeKalb Medical offers a variety of endovascular procedures in Atlanta. Endovascular procedures involve operating on the arteries and veins from the inside using X-ray image guidance instead of a traditional open surgery. Endovascular procedures are performed through a small incision, as opposed to traditional open procedures, which require a larger incision and a longer recuperation time. These endovascular procedures use needles or other small instruments that are fed through the arteries through a catheter. The test uses X-rays and a special dye to see inside the arteries. It can be used to see arteries in the brain, kidney and many other parts of the body.
Angioplasty and vascular stenting are two endovascular procedures offered by DeKalb Medical. Angioplasty is a procedure to open narrowed or blocked blood vessels. A stent is a small, metal mesh tube that expands inside an artery. A stent is often placed after angioplasty. It helps prevent the artery from closing up again. A drug-eluting stent has medicine in it that helps prevent closing of the artery.
Arteries can become narrowed or blocked by deposits called plaque. Plaque is made up of fat and cholesterol that builds up on the inside of the artery walls. This condition is called atherosclerosis.
Angioplasty may be used to treat blockage of one or more arteries. For most people, angioplasty greatly improves blood flow through the arteries. Angioplasty does not cure the cause of the blockage in your arteries.