Types of Surgery to Treat or Prevent a Stroke
Several types of surgery may be performed to help treat a stroke, or help to prevent a stroke from occurring, including the following:
- carotid endarterectomy – Carotid endarterectomy is a procedure used to remove plaque and clots from the carotid arteries, located in the neck. These arteries supply the brain with blood from the heart. Endarterectomy may help prevent a stroke from occurring.
- craniotomy – A craniotomy is a type of surgery in the brain itself to remove blood clots or repair bleeding in the brain.
- surgery to repair aneurysms and arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) – An aneurysm is a weakened, ballooned area on an artery wall that has a risk for rupturing and bleeding into the brain. An AVM is a congenital (present at birth) or acquired disorder that consists of a disorderly, tangled web of arteries and veins. An AVM also has a risk for rupturing and bleeding into the brain. Surgery may be helpful, in this case, to help prevent a stroke from occurring.