What is your prostate?
The prostate is a walnut-sized gland that is located below your bladder and in front of your rectum. This gland produces semen, the fluid that carries sperm. The urethra, a narrow tube that carries both urine and semen out of your body, runs directly through your prostate gland.
What is prostate cancer?
Prostate cancer occurs when cells in the prostate grow out of control and create small tumors. Often, prostate cancer in the early stage does not cause any symptoms. If it is not found and treated early, it can spread to other parts of your body.
What are the symptoms of prostate cancer?
In the early stages of prostate cancer, there usually are no symptoms. If symptoms do occur, they can include:
- Difficulty starting or holding back urine
- The need to urinate often, especially at night
- Weak or interrupted urine flow
- Pain or burning during urination
- Difficulty with having an erection
- Painful ejaculation
- Blood in the urine or semen
- Pain or stiffness in the lower back, hips, pelvis or upper thighs
How is prostate cancer treated?
The earlier prostate cancer is detected, the more treatment options will be available to you. Based on the prostate cancer grade and stage, your age, overall health status and personal preference, your doctor will discuss treatment options with you.
Advancements in prostate cancer treatments have improved overall cure rates and quality of life for prostate cancer survivors. For example, DeKalb Medical offers Robotic Assisted Surgery with the da Vinci® system which allows precise surgical removal of the prostate while preserving important structures for urinary control and sexual function.
Regular health checks are the key to finding health problems early. Because prostate cancer affects one in six men, it is important that you have routine screenings starting at age 40… particularly if you are African-American or have a family history. Call your DeKalb Medical physician today to discuss whether a screening exam is right for you!